Premna integrifolia Linn

Premna latifolia Roxb.

Synonym ► P. obtusifolia R. Br. P. corymbosa auct. non Rottl. & Willd.

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Indian and Andaman Coasts, plains of Assam and Khasi hills.

English ► Headache tree.

Ayurvedic ► Agnimantha (Kerala), Shriparni, Jayee, Ganikaarikaa, Vaataghni.

Siddha/Tamil ► Munnai

Folk ► Agethaa, Ganiyaari.

Action ► Carminative, galactagogue. The tender plant is used for neuralgia and rheumatism. A decoction of leaves is used for flatulence and colic.

Aqueous extracts of the plant showed a powerful action on the uterus and gout of the experimental animals, causing a marked increase in their activity.

The leaves contain an isoxazole alkaloid premnazole, which was found to reduce granuloma formation in rats (34.62%), its activity was comparable to phenylbutazone (35-36%).

Premnazole also reduced GPT and GOT in serum and liver. Studies suggest that premnazole acts probably by

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Peninsular India, Bihar, West Bengal and North-eastern India.

English ► Dusky Fire Brand Bark.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pachumullai, Erumai munnai.

Action ► Leaves—diuretic, spasmolytic. Stem bark—hypoglycaemic.

The leaves gave a furanoid, prem-nalatin, and flavone glycosides. The stem bark gave iridoid glucosides and geniposidic acid.

Premna latifolia var. mucronata C. B. Clarke and Premna barbata Wall. are known as Bakaar and Basota (in Garh-wal). These have been equated with the classical herb Vasuhatta.

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  • balbo
    Where do agnimantha (premna integrifolia, premna mucronata) grow?
    8 years ago

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