Polygala sibirica Linn

Family ► Polygalaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the Himalayas and Western Ghats.

English ► Common Milkwort.

Action ► Leaves—used in spermatorrhoea. Root—a decoction is given as an expectorant in cold and cough and chronic chest diseases. (Used as a substitute for Senega.) Also used for inflammation of urinary bladder; externally for mammary abscesses and carbuncles.

Habitat ► Northern Himalayas, from 1,500 to 3,300 m.

Ayurvedic ► Mahaa-medaa, Medaa, (substitute: Asparagus racemosus, also Saalab-misri.)

Folk ► Devarigaanl (Gharwal).

Action ► Root—rejuvenating tonic for nervous system.

The root gave neoprazerigenin A-3-O-beta-lycotetraoside (PS-III) and its methyl proto-type congener (PS-II) and steroidal saponins, sibiricoside A (PS-I) and sibiricoside B (PS-IV).

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