Hook. f. non-Pelletier.
Synonym ► P. heyneanus Benth.
Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.
Habitat ► Western Ghats of Karnataka, Kerala and the Nilgiri hills up to 1,800 m.
English ► Patchouli.
Ayurvedic ► Paachi, Pancholi.
Siddha/Tamil ► Kadir Pachai.
Folk ► Paanch (Maharashtra), Sugandhi Paanadi (Gujarat).
Action ► Leaf—bechic, antiasthmatic. A poultice of leaves is applied to boils and to relieve headache.
The plant gave alpha-pyrone derivatives, pogopyrones A and B; n-octaco-sanol, beta-sitosterol and its glucoside and several flavones. Pogopyrone B exhibited cytotoxic activity.
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