Platanus orientalis Linn

Family ► Platanaceae.

Habitat ► Native to eastern Mediterranean region; cultivated in Kashmir and North-western Himalayas at 1,200-2,400 m.

English ► Oriental Plane, Oriental Sycamore. European Plane tree.

Folk ► Chinaar, Buin (Kashmir and Punjab).

Action ► Bark—antidiarrhoeal, antiscorbutic, antirheumatic. Leaf—astringent. Buds—antiseptic, used for urinary infection.

The buds yielded kaempferol, its derivatives and caffeic acid. The me-thanolic extract exhibits antiseptic and antimicrobial activities.

The bark contains 1.5% of platanin, also 5.9% tannin and 7.3% non-tans. The shoots and leaves contain alan-toin; roots phlobaphene. The sap of the tree contains up to 90% mannitol. A triterpene, platanolic acid, is found in most parts of the plant except the fruit.

Family ► Campanulaceae.

Habitat ► East Asia; introduced into India and cultivated in rockeries and borders.

English ► Balloon Flower, Chinese Bell Flower.

Action ► Expectorant and antitussive. Root—used to treat cough, tonsillitis and asthma, also to treat stomatitis, peptic ulcer and inflammatory diseases. (WHO.)

The major chemical constituents of the root are triterpene saponins. The root exhibits haemolytic action.

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