Pittosporum floribundum

Family ► Pittosporaceae.

Habitat ► Subtropical Himalayas, Ganjam, Konkan, Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kattu Sampangi.

Folk ► Tumari. Vikhaari, Vekhali (Maharashtra).

Plantago lanceolata Linn. 497

Action ► Bark—anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, narcotic; used in chronic bronchitis; also administered in leprous affections; a paste is applied to inflammatory and rheumatic swellings.

The Himalayan plants yielded an essential oil (0.26%) with alpha-pinene, dipentene, linalool, cineol, methyl sal-icylate, decyl aldehyde, anisaldehyde, bergapten, eugenol, indole and salicylic and benzoic acids as major constituents. The oil is applied topically in sprains, bruises, sciatica, rheumatism, chest affections and in certain skin diseases.

The narcotic action of the bark is attributed to the presence of a yellow oleoresin. The bark also contain a saponin, pittosporin.

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