Piscidia piscipula Linn Sarg

Synonym ► P. erythrina Linn.

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Native to America; introduced in India.

English ► Jamaica Dogwood.

Action ► Sedative, spasmolytic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory.

The bark gave several, isoflavonoids. Piscidone and piscerythrone exhibit spasmolytic activity. Piscidin glycoside and rotenone are toxic constituents.

The bark is used for neuralgia, migraine and insomnia in South America and West Indies.

In some in vitro tests, the root bark's extract exhibited antispasmodic effects as strong as papaverine's (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

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