Piper wallichii Hand Mazz

Synonym ► P. aurantiacum Wall ex DC.

Family ► Piperaceae.

Habitat ► Nepal, Lakhimpur and Khasi Hills in Assam.

Ayurvedic ► Wrongly equated with Sambhaaluka. (Sambhaalu has been identified as Vitex negundo.) Renukaa is also a wrong synonym (it is equated with the seed of Vitex agnus-castus).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kaattu-milagu.

Action ► Fruits—used as uterine stimulant.

The fruit contain piperine, piperet-tine and sylvatine, besides beta-sitos-

terol. The seeds gave aurantiamide, its acetate and auranamide.

The fraction, containing alkaloids, showed oxytocic activity. The lignin constituents inhibited platelet aggregation caused by platelet-activating factor.

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