Pinus roxburghii Sarg

Synonym ► P. insularis Endl.

Synonym ► P. longifolia Roxb.

Family ► Pinaceae.

Habitat ► The Western and Eastern Himalayas.

English ► Long-leaved Pine, Three-leaved Pine, Chir Pine.

Ayurvedic ► Sarala, Pita-vriksha, Surabhidaaruka, Dhuupavriksha, Namasu. Oleo-resin—Shriveshtaka, Ghandh-Birojaa.

Unani ► Sanobar-ul-Hindi. Oleoresin—Gandh-Bihrojaa, Qinn, Berzad.

Siddha/Tamil ► Simaidevadaru.

Action ► Needle, needle oil— decongestant, expectorant, antiseptic. Oil—used in cough and cold remedies, particularly inhalations

Piper betle Linn. 489

and in rubefacients for rheumatism and muscle stiffness. Resin— expectorant, antiseptic, antipruritic.

The essential oil from oleoresin contains chiefly alpha-and beta-pinene; carene and longifoline.

Pinus pinaster Ait (Cluster Pine, Maritime Pine) has been successfully grown in Kulu, Manali and Rahini. German Commission E recognized the efficacy of the needle-oil in catarrhal diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract (internally, as well as externally).

Dosage ► Heartwood, root—1-3 g powder. (API, Vol. III.)

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