Pinus gerardiana Wall

Family ► Pinaceae. Habitat ► Northwest Himalayas from Garhwal eastwards at altitudes of 1,800-3,000 m.

English ► Neosia Pine, Edible Pine, Chilgoza Pine.

Ayurvedic ► Nikochaka. Unani ► Chilgozaa. Action ► Kernels—stimulant, carminative, expectorant. Oil from seeds—externally used for wounds and ulcers.

The kernels gave protein 15.9, fat 49.9, carbohydrates 21.6 and mineral matter 2.9%. The mineral constituents include calcium 90.8, phosphorus 92.4 and iron 2.4 mg/100 g. Pectin is present to the extent of 1.73% (calculated as calcium pectate). Seed protein on hydrolysis gave amino acids—leucine, iso-leucine, valine, lysine, phenylalanine, tryptophan and methionine. The oil gave glycerides. The essential oil from oleoresin contains alpha-and beta-pi-nene as major constituents; other constituents are sesquiterpenes.

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