Picrorhiza scrophulariaeflora

Pennell.

Family ► Scrophulariaceae.

Habitat ► Eastern Himalayan in Nepal and Sikkim.

Action ► Properties similar to those of Picrorhiza kurroa.

The root contains the iridoid glyco-sides, amphicoside, catalpol, aucubin and androsin; also cucurbitacin glyco-sides.

Action ► Stimulant (excites most glands), expectorant, powerful diaphoretic. Used in hair tonics to stimulate hair growth. (Irritates stomach and causes vomiting in overdose.)

The leaf contains a parasympathetic stimulant pilocarpine (0.5%). It is an obsolete medicinal herb, but is used in the production of pilocarpine. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

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