Phyllanthus niruri Linn

Family ► Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to America.

English ► Chanca Piedra.

Ayurvedic ► Bhuumyaamalaki, assigned to P. niruri, has now been equated with P.fraternus.

Action ► Antispasmodic, antipyretic, diuretic, antiviral, bactericidal.

Family ► Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the plains of India from Punjab to Assam and Southward to Kerala up to 1,000 m.

Ayurvedic ► Bhuumyaamataki (var.), Taamravalli.

Siddha/Tamil ► Senkeezhnelli.

Folk ► Laal-bhui-aamlaa, Hazaar-mani.

Physalis peruviana Linn. 483

The leaf and stem gave flavonoids— quercetin, astragalin, quercitrin, iso-quercitrin and rutin; Me-brevifolin-carboxylate and tri-dehydrochebulic acid.

salin B and F have been isolated from the ethanolic extract of the whole plant. Both physalin B and F are reported to inhibit the growth of several human leukaemia cell systems.

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