Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus

Nees.

Family ► Acanthaceae.

Habitat ► The sub-tropical Himalayas, Upper Gangetic Plain, Bihar, North Bengal and Assam.

Folk ► Dieng-soh kajut (Meghalaya), Chuhai (Bihar), Titaaphul (Assam).

Action ► Whole plant—used like Adhatoda vasica in whooping cough and menorrhagia. Fruits and leaves—burnt and prescribed for fevers. The leaves are reported to contain diterpene lactone, phlogantholide A and its glucoside.

A related species, P. jenkinsii C. B. Clarke, found in Assam, is also known as Titaaphul. A decoction of leaves is given for diseases of spleen and liver and for fevers.

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