Phaseolus radiatus

Wilczek.

Vigna radiata (Linn.)

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Extensively cultivated all over India.

English ► Greengram, Golden Gram.

Ayurvedic ► Mudga, Mungalya.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pattishai-payaru.

Action ► Used as a pulse. Soup is given as a diet to patients of enlarged liver and spleen, and after recovery from acute illness. A poultice of it is used for checking secretion of milk and reducing distention of the mammary glands.

Synonym ► Vigna trilobata (Linn.) Verdcourt.

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, up to an elevation of 2,100 m in the northeast.

Ayurvedic ► Mudgaparni, Kaaka-parni, Suuryaparni, Alpikaa, Sahaa, Kaakamudraa, Maarjaargandhikaa. (P. adenanthus G. F. W., and Vigna pilosa Baker are used as Mudgaparni in the South. Dried aerial parts, root and seed are used.)

Siddha/Tamil ► Kaatupayaru.

Folk ► Jangali Moong, Mugavan.

Action ► Whole plant—febrifuge. Leaves—sedative, cooling, an-tibilious. A decoction is used in intermittent fever. The plant contains friedelin, epifriedelin, stigmasterol and tannins. The bean contains methionine, tryptophan and tyrosine; also strepogenin, uridine, diphosphate-galacturonic acid. The seed protein contained lysine, valine, leucine and phenylalanine.

Dosage ► Seed—50-100 ml. decoction (CCRAS.); whole plant— 3-5 g. (API, Vol. IV.)

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