Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Airy-Shaw.
Habitat ► Native to America; introduced into India, grown in gardens.
Action ► Root—diuretic, antispas-modic, emmenagogue, abortifa-cient. Used for whooping cough, also for rheumatism and nervous diseases. (Long term use in high doses causes brain damage.)
Ethanolic extract of the leaves contains leridal, leridol, 5-O-methylleri-dol and 3-O-rhamnosides of dihydro-kaempferol, dihydroquercetin and my-ricetin. The presence of high nitrate content in the plant has been reported and is considered a risk factor in humans.
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