Peltophorum pterocarpum

Backer ex K. Heyne.

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Coastal forests of the Andaman Islands.

Pentatropis spiralis Decne. 471

English ► Copper Pod, Rusty Shield-Bearer.

Siddha/Tamil ► Ivalvagai, Perun-gondrai.

Action ► Bark—used for dysentery; also used as a constituent of gargles, tooth-powders and lotions for sores and muscular pains.

The bark contains 20.8% of a catechol type of tannin and 9.5% non-tans. The wood and leaves also contain tannin.

The pods contain bergenin which exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema and is found to be equipotent to phenylbutazone.

Aqueous extract of leaves and etha-nolic extract of flower exhibit antifun-gal activity.

Family ► Asclepiadaceae.

Habitat ► West Bengal, Gujarat and Peninsular India.

Ayurvedic ► Kaakanaasaa,

Kaakanaasikaa, Kaakaangi, Kaak-tundphalaa, Shringiritti.

Siddha/Tamil ► Uppilankodi.

Folk ► Singarauti (Gujarat). Amarvel.

Action ► Plant—antifungal, antiseptic, keratolytic; used in various skin conditions.

The plant gave n-octacosanol, alpha-amyrin, friedelin, beta-sitosterol. An appreciable amount of salicyclic acid has been isolated from the plant. The plant also yields a cardiac glycoside.

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