Backer ex K. Heyne.
Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.
Habitat ► Coastal forests of the Andaman Islands.
Pentatropis spiralis Decne. 471
English ► Copper Pod, Rusty Shield-Bearer.
Siddha/Tamil ► Ivalvagai, Perun-gondrai.
Action ► Bark—used for dysentery; also used as a constituent of gargles, tooth-powders and lotions for sores and muscular pains.
The bark contains 20.8% of a catechol type of tannin and 9.5% non-tans. The wood and leaves also contain tannin.
The pods contain bergenin which exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema and is found to be equipotent to phenylbutazone.
Aqueous extract of leaves and etha-nolic extract of flower exhibit antifun-gal activity.
Family ► Asclepiadaceae.
Habitat ► West Bengal, Gujarat and Peninsular India.
Ayurvedic ► Kaakanaasaa,
Kaakanaasikaa, Kaakaangi, Kaak-tundphalaa, Shringiritti.
Siddha/Tamil ► Uppilankodi.
Folk ► Singarauti (Gujarat). Amarvel.
Action ► Plant—antifungal, antiseptic, keratolytic; used in various skin conditions.
The plant gave n-octacosanol, alpha-amyrin, friedelin, beta-sitosterol. An appreciable amount of salicyclic acid has been isolated from the plant. The plant also yields a cardiac glycoside.
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?