Pavonia odorata Willd

Family ► Malvaceae.

Habitat ► North-West India, Bengal and Konkan.

English ► Fragrant Sticky Mallow.

Ayurvedic ► Vaalaka, Baalaka, Baala, Barhishtha, Hrivera, Ambu, Jala, Nira, Paya, Toya, Udichya, Vaari, Muurdhaja. Sugandhbaalaa (also equated with Valeriana Jatamansi). In the South, Celus vettiveroides is equated with Baalaka.

Siddha/Tamil ► Peraamutti, Kastoori vendai.

Action ► Plant—anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic. Used in rheumatic affections. Root—stomachic, astringent, demulcent. Used in dysentery, haemorrhages from intestines; ulcers and bleeding disorders.

The roots gave an essential oil containing isovaleric acid, isovaleralde-hyde, armomadendrene, pavonene, alpha-terpinene, azulene and pavo-nenol.

The plant exhibits antiparasitic activity against Entamoeba histolytica.

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