Passiflora edulis Sims

Family ► Passifloraceae.

Habitat ► Native of Brazil; cultivated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, in North India in Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.

English ► Purple Granadilla, Passion Fruit.

Action ► Juice from purple fruit— a good source of ascorbic acid (contains up to 75 mg/100 g), carotene and sugars.

The juice from the yellow variety (equated with Passiflora edulis f. flavi-carpa) contains lesser amounts of ascorbic acid and sugars.

The purple Passion fruit contains the C-glucoside, beta-ionyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside. A protease inhibitor (PEPI) has been isolated from the juice. PEPI inhibited trypsin and chy-motrypsin activities, but did not inhibit papain activity. The esters and terpenoids form the major part of fruit components. The terpenoids include a number of monoterpenes (including hydroxylated linalool derivatives), and monoterpene glycosides. Norter-penoid aglycones have also been found.

The yellow Passion fruit contains sulfur-containing volatiles, acetates, butanoates and hexanoates of 3-mer-captohexanol. The leaves contain C-glycosylflavonoids.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment