Synonym ► O. esculentum R. Br. Sarcostemma secamone (Linn.) Bennet.
Family ► Asclepiadaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout the plains and lower hills of India, including paddy fields and hedges rear semi-marshy places.
Ayurvedic ► Dugdhikaa, Duudhila-taa, Duudhialataa .
Folk ► Usipallai (Tamil Nadu); Dugdhani (Maharashtra); Jala-dudhi (Gujarat).
Action ► Herb—antiseptic, depura-tive, galactogogue; decoction used as a gargle in stomatitis and sore throat. Latex—vulnerary. Fresh root—prescribed in jaundice.
A pregnane ester oligoglycoside (oxysine), a pregnane triglycoside (es-culentin), a cardenolide (oxyline), two more cardenolides, oxystelmoside and oxystelmine, have been isolated from the roots.
Paederia foetida Linn.
Family ► Rubiaceae.
Habitat ► Central and Eastern Himlayas extending to Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa.
Ayurvedic ► Talanili, Gand-haprasaarini. (Prasaarini is also equated with Raaja-balaa, Sida veronicaefolia.).
Siddha/Tamil ► Talanili, Mudiyar Kundal.
Folk ► Gandhabhaaduli (Bengali).
Action ► Leaf—carminative, antiinflammatory, astringent, spasmolytic, antidiarrhoeal, diuretic, an-tilithic. Root— anti-inflammatory. Used for rheumatic affections, piles, inflammations of the liver, spleen and chest.
Aerial parts contain epi-friedelanol, embelin and beta-sitosterol. Leaves and stems gave iridoid glycosides, si-tosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ur-solic acid, hentriacontane, hentriacon-tanol, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid and methyl mercaptan. The foetid smell is due to methyl mercaptan.
All parts of the plant have been employed for rheumatic affections.
A related species, Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merill, synonym P. tomentosa Blume, is known as Gandha Prasaarini. The iridoid glucosides, paedero-side, paederosidic acid and scandosides have been isolated from the plant.
Dosage ► Plant—10-20 ml juice; 50100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.)
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