Oxystelma secamone

Synonym ► O. esculentum R. Br. Sarcostemma secamone (Linn.) Bennet.

Family ► Asclepiadaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the plains and lower hills of India, including paddy fields and hedges rear semi-marshy places.

Ayurvedic ► Dugdhikaa, Duudhila-taa, Duudhialataa .

Folk ► Usipallai (Tamil Nadu); Dugdhani (Maharashtra); Jala-dudhi (Gujarat).

Action ► Herb—antiseptic, depura-tive, galactogogue; decoction used as a gargle in stomatitis and sore throat. Latex—vulnerary. Fresh root—prescribed in jaundice.

A pregnane ester oligoglycoside (oxysine), a pregnane triglycoside (es-culentin), a cardenolide (oxyline), two more cardenolides, oxystelmoside and oxystelmine, have been isolated from the roots.

Paederia foetida Linn.

Family ► Rubiaceae.

Habitat ► Central and Eastern Himlayas extending to Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa.

Ayurvedic ► Talanili, Gand-haprasaarini. (Prasaarini is also equated with Raaja-balaa, Sida veronicaefolia.).

Siddha/Tamil ► Talanili, Mudiyar Kundal.

Folk ► Gandhabhaaduli (Bengali).

Action ► Leaf—carminative, antiinflammatory, astringent, spasmolytic, antidiarrhoeal, diuretic, an-tilithic. Root— anti-inflammatory. Used for rheumatic affections, piles, inflammations of the liver, spleen and chest.

Aerial parts contain epi-friedelanol, embelin and beta-sitosterol. Leaves and stems gave iridoid glycosides, si-tosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ur-solic acid, hentriacontane, hentriacon-tanol, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid and methyl mercaptan. The foetid smell is due to methyl mercaptan.

All parts of the plant have been employed for rheumatic affections.

A related species, Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merill, synonym P. tomentosa Blume, is known as Gandha Prasaarini. The iridoid glucosides, paedero-side, paederosidic acid and scandosides have been isolated from the plant.

Dosage ► Plant—10-20 ml juice; 50100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.)

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