Oryza sativa Linn

Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated all over India as a food crop.

Ayurvedic ► Shaali, Vrihidhaanya, Tandula, Nivara.

Unani ► Biranj Saathi.

Osmanthus fragrans Lour. 455

Action ► Rice-water (a water decoction of rice)—demulcent and refrigerant in febrile and inflammatory diseases and in dysuria. Also used as a vehicle for compound preparations used for gynaecological disorders. It is regarded as cooling in haematemesis and epistaxis, and as diuretic.

The green clum or stalks—recommended in biliousness. Ash of the straw—used in the treatment of wounds and discharges. Lixiviated ash of straw is used as anthelmintic and in nausea.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the dried root in dy-suria and lactic disorders.

The pigments occurring in coloured types of rice are a mixture of monogly-cosides of cyanidin and delphinidin. The dark Puttu Rice of India contains a diglycosidic anthocyanin.

Dosage ► Root—50 g for decoction. (API, Vol. II.)

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