Synonym ► O. squarrosa Linn.
Family ► Ochnaceae.
Habitat ► Assam, Bihar, Orissa and Deccan Peninsula. Often cultivated in parks and gardens.
Siddha/Tamil ► Chilanti, Sherundi.
Folk ► Kanaka Champaa. (Bhuin-champaa, Bhuumi-champaka (Ochna pumila).
Action ► Bark—digestive tonic. Root—a decoction is used in asthma, tuberculosis and in menstrual disorders. Leaves— boiled and used as emollient cataplasm; used as a poultice in lumbago.
Isoflavones, along with beta-sitos-terol and oleanolic acid, have been isolated from the heartwood.
A related species, Ochna pumila Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don., found in outer Himalayas and sub-Himalayan tract from Kumaon to Assam, is reported to exhibit antitubercular activity. Tetrahydroamentoflavone has been isolated from the leaves. The plant is also used for epilepsy in folk medicine.
Synonym ► Mammea longifolia Planch. & Triana.
Family ► Guttiferae; Clusiaceae.
Habitat ► Evergreen forests of Western India from Khandala southwards to Malabar and Coim-batore.
Ayurvedic ► Surapunnaaga (Naa-gakeshara is equated with Mesua ferrea.)
Siddha/Tamil ► Nagappu, Nagesarpu.
Folk ► Laal-Naagakeshar. Surangi (Maharashtra).
Action ► Flowerbuds—cooling, stomachic, analgesic, antibacterial; used for gastritis, haemorrhoids, blood diseases, leprosy, leucoder-ma.
Flower buds are popularly known as Naagakeshar.
Flowers exhibited potent hypoten-sive, anti-inflammatory and antispas-modic activity attributed to vitexin.
Leaves gave amentoflavone, querce-tin and vitexin as major constituents.
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?