Family ► Cucurbitaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout India, up to 1,500 m in the Himalaya.
English ► Small Bitter Gourd, Bur Cucumber.
Ayurvedic ► Karkotikaa, Karkotikaa-vandhyaa, Karkotaka, Karkota.
Siddha/Tamil ► Tholoo-pavai, Paluppakai, Kaattupaagala.
Folk ► Jangali Karelaa, Ban-Karelaa, Bhat-Karelaa, Dhar-Karelaa.
Action ► Tuberous root—astringent, febrifuge, antiseptic, anthelmintic, spermicidal. Used in bleeding piles, urinary affections; smeared over body in high fever with delirium (as a sedative). A paste, prepared with the root of male plant, is applied externally for pain in the breast.
The root extract exhibited significant anti-allergic activity comparable with standard drugs used against allergy and bronchial asthma (in experimental animals).
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