Momordica dioica Roxb ex Willd

Family ► Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, up to 1,500 m in the Himalaya.

English ► Small Bitter Gourd, Bur Cucumber.

Ayurvedic ► Karkotikaa, Karkotikaa-vandhyaa, Karkotaka, Karkota.

Siddha/Tamil ► Tholoo-pavai, Paluppakai, Kaattupaagala.

Folk ► Jangali Karelaa, Ban-Karelaa, Bhat-Karelaa, Dhar-Karelaa.

Action ► Tuberous root—astringent, febrifuge, antiseptic, anthelmintic, spermicidal. Used in bleeding piles, urinary affections; smeared over body in high fever with delirium (as a sedative). A paste, prepared with the root of male plant, is applied externally for pain in the breast.

The root extract exhibited significant anti-allergic activity comparable with standard drugs used against allergy and bronchial asthma (in experimental animals).

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