Family ► Magnoliaceae.
Habitat ► Eastern Himalayas, lower hills of Assam, hills of South India up to 1,000 m., cultivated in various parts of India.
English ► Champak, Golden Champa.
Ayurvedic ► Champaka, Svarna Champaka, Hemapushpa, Chaam-peya.
Siddha/Tamil ► Sampagi.
Action ► Flowers—bitter, carminative, antispasmodic, demulcent, antiemetic, diuretic (used for dy-suria), antipyretic. Fruits—used for dyspepsia and renal diseases. Bark—stimulant, diuretic and febrifuge. Dried root and root bark—purgative and emmena-gogue. Externally—flower oil is used as an application in cepha-lalgia, gout and rheumatism; fruits and seeds for healing cracks in feet.
The ethanolic extract of the stem bark showed hypoglycaemic activity in rats. The benzene extract of the anthers showed 67% post-coital antiimplantation activity in rats (1000 mg/ kg per day).
Stem bark and roots yielded an alkaloid liriodenine. Root bark yielded sesquiterpene lactones (including parthenolide and micheliolide). Leaves gave a polyisoprenoid, beta-sitosterol and liriodenine. Mono-and sesquiter-penes occur in essential oils isolated from the flowers, leaf and fruit ring.
The bark and root cortex of the Chinese plant gave magnosprengerine (0.41%) and salicifoline (0.39%). These active principles showed lasting muscle relaxant and hypotensive activity.
The bark of Michelia montana Blume (Eastern Himalayas and hills of Assam)
Micromelum integerrimum (Buch-Ham.) Roem. 413
is used as a bitter tonic in fevers. It bears white and fragrant flowers. The leaf and stem yield an essential oil, 0.95 and 0.36% on fresh basis, respectively. The flowers contains 75% safrole and the latter 76% sarisan.
Michelia nilgarica Zenk. (Western Ghats, above 1,700 m) is known as Kattu-sambagam in Tamil Nadu, the yellow-flowered var. of Champaa. The bark and leaves are considered febrifuge. The bark contains a volatile oil, acrid resins, tannin and a bitter principle. The flowers yield a volatile oil similar to the bark oil. Aerial parts exhibit diuretic and spasmolytic activity.
Dosage ► Dried buds and flowers— 1-3 g powder. (API, Vol. IV.) Bark— 50-100 m decoction. (CCRAS.)
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?