Synonym ► Vangueria spinosa Hook. f.
Family ► Rubiaceae.
Habitat ► West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, in hedges and waste places.
Ayurvedic ► Pinditaka. Madana or Mainphala is a misleading synonym. It is equated with Randia dumetorum Poir.
Siddha/Tamil ► Manakkarai.
(Madana or Mainphala is known as Marukkallankay.)
Action ► Fruit—cholagogue, a decoction used in biliary complaints and hepatic congestion. Dried fruits—narcotic; used for boils.
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