Melothria maderaspatana

Synonym ► Cucumis maderaspatana Linn.

Bryonia scabrella Linn. f. Mukia scabrella (Linn. f.) Arn.

Family ► Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, ascending up to 1,800 m in the hills.

Ayurvedic ► Ahilekhana, Trikoshaki.

Siddha/Tamil ► Musumsukkai.

Action ► Tender shoots—gentle aperient, diuretic, stomachic;

Family ► Melastomataceae.

Habitat ► Orissa, Assam and Western Peninsula.

Ayurvedic ► Anjani.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kasai, Anjani.

Folk ► Yaalki, Lokhandi (Maharashtra).

Action ► Fruit and leaf—astringent. Leaf—antileucorrhoeic, spasmolytic, hypoglycaemic. A lotion prepared from the leaves is used in ophthalmia. Root—used in excessive menstrual discharge.

408 Mentha aquatica Linn.

Aerial parts gave umbelactone, beta-amyrin, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, sitosterol and its glucoside.

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