Synonym ► Cucumis maderaspatana Linn.
Bryonia scabrella Linn. f. Mukia scabrella (Linn. f.) Arn.
Family ► Cucurbitaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout India, ascending up to 1,800 m in the hills.
Ayurvedic ► Ahilekhana, Trikoshaki.
Siddha/Tamil ► Musumsukkai.
Action ► Tender shoots—gentle aperient, diuretic, stomachic;
Family ► Melastomataceae.
Habitat ► Orissa, Assam and Western Peninsula.
Ayurvedic ► Anjani.
Siddha/Tamil ► Kasai, Anjani.
Folk ► Yaalki, Lokhandi (Maharashtra).
Action ► Fruit and leaf—astringent. Leaf—antileucorrhoeic, spasmolytic, hypoglycaemic. A lotion prepared from the leaves is used in ophthalmia. Root—used in excessive menstrual discharge.
408 Mentha aquatica Linn.
Aerial parts gave umbelactone, beta-amyrin, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, sitosterol and its glucoside.
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