Melochia corchorifolia Linn

Family ► Sterculiaceae.

Habitat ► Kumaon to Sikkim, Gujarat and Peninsular India.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pinnakkuppundu.

Action ► Leaf and root—antidysen-teric. Leaf—applied as poultice for swellings of abdomen and sores.

The leaves gave flavonol glycosides, cyclopeptide alkaloids. The triter-penoids and steroids, isolated from the aerial parts, are friedelin, beta-sitosterol and its beta-D-glucoside and stearate.

decoction used in biliousness and flatulence.

The root contains columbin; seed oil gave linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids. Fresh aerial parts exhibit potent anti-hepatotoxic activity.

In carbon tetrachloride-induced liver dysfunction in albino rats, the recovery of liver, treated with the extract from aerial parts, was significant and there was marked decrease in serum levels of the enzymes, alanine, aminotransferase, aspartate amino-transferase and alkaline phosphatase.

Kuruvikizhangu of Siddha medicine, used for acute diarrhoea and fever, is equated with Malothria per-pusilla (Blume) Cogn. Zehneria hook-eriana Arn., found in upper Gangetic plain from Nepal to Assam and in Peninsular India.

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