Synonym ► M. parviflora Desf.
Family ► Paplionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat ► Native to Eurasia; found as winter weed and cultivated for fodder in parts of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
English ► Sweet Clover, Annual Yellow Sweet Clover, Small-flowered Melilot.
Ayurvedic ► Vana-methikaa.
Unani ► Ilkil-ul-Malik (yellow-flowered var.).
Melissa axillaris (Benth.) Bakhf.
Action ► Plant—astringent, dis-cutient, emollient. Used as poultice or plaster for swellings. The plant gave coumarins—fraxidin, herniarin, umbelliferone and scopoletin.
When fed alone as a green fodder, it exhibits narcotic properties; causes lethargy, tympanitis and is reported to taint the milk of dairy cattle. It may cause even paralysis. The plant contains 3-methoxyflavone, meliter-natin which experimentally inhibited cell growth, induced granularity, retraction and then lysis of cells.
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