Family ► Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout tropical regions of India.
English ► Kamala tree, Monkey Face tree.
Malpighia glabra Linn.
Ayurvedic ► Kampillaka, Kampilla, Karkash, Raktaanga, Rechan, Chandra.
Unani ► Kamilla, Kambilaa.
Siddha/Tamil ► Kapli, Kalupatti.
Action ► Gland and hair of fruit— purgative, anthelmintic, styptic. Used for the treatment of tapeworm infestation; in scabies, ringworm, herpes. Fruit—hypoglycaemic, spasmolytic, antibacterial.
Capsule hair and glands gave phlo-roglucinol derivatives; rottlerin, isorot-tlerin, iso-allorottlerin (the "red compound") and methylene-b¿s-methyl-phloroacetophenone (the "yellow compound"). The red powder, obtained from capsules, containing largely resinous matter, had lithotropic effect in rats, comparable to drugs used commonly against urinary calculi. Two more compounds designated as kama-lins 1 and 2 have been isolated.
The stem bark contains kamaladiol-3-acetate and friedelin.
Dosage ► Glands and hairs of the fruit—0.5-1.0 g powder. (API, Vol.I.)
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