Family ► Magnoliaceae.
Habitat ► Native to North America; found in the Himalayas and the Nilgiri hills up to 2,100 m.
English ► Bull Bay, Great Laurel Magnolia, Southern Magnolia.
Ayurvedic ► Him-Champaa.
Action ► Bark—anti-inflammatory, stimulant, diaphoretic. Wood— toxic. Plant is used against cold, headache and stomach-ache. Leaf extract—fungitoxic.
The leaves gave germacanolide lac-tones, a guaianolide (magnograndio-lide, melampomagnolide A and B); the wood, quaternary aporphine alkaloids; bark, cyclocolorenone; root
Synonym ► Berberis nepalensis Spreng (in part).
Family ► Berberidaceae.
Habitat ► Temperate Himalayas from Garhwal to Bhutan at 1,3502,700 m. and in Khasi Hills.
English ► Holly Leaved Berberry.
Action ► Used as Berberis. Anti-prolific, antipsoriatic, alterative, demulcent, diuretic, antidysenteric.
The plant gave tertiary aporphines, berberine and jatrorrhizine.
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