Loranthus pentandrus Linn

Synonym ► Dendrophthoe pentandra (Linn.) Miq.

Family ► Loranthaceae.

Habitat ► Sylhet. (A parasite found on trees.)

Action ► Leaves—used as poultice for sores and ulcers. The twigs contain quercitrin and a wax, which gives melissyl alcohol. The twig ash (8.95%) contains manganese (0.26%).

Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb. var. amara (Roxb.) C. B. Clarke.

Family ► Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India.

English ► Ribbed or Ridged Gourd (bitter var.).

Ayurvedic ► Katukoshataki, Tik-takoshtaki.

Action ► Plant—purgative, diuretic. Used for oedema, splenic enlargement, cough and asthma. Seeds— emetic, expectorant.

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