Litsea glutinosa

Synonym ► L. sebifera Pers. L. chinensis Lam.

Family ► Lauraceae.

Habitat ► Punjab, Khasi Hills, Bengal, Assam and South India.

English ► Common Tallow Lowrel.

Ayurvedic ► Medaasaka.

Unani ► Maidaa-lakdi, MaghaaseHindi.

Siddha/Tamil ► Mushaippeyetti, Elumpurukki, Uralli.

Action ► Leaf—antispasmodic and emollient. Bark—demulcent, emollient, astringent, antidiarrhoeal, anodyne. Root—decoction is used as an emmenagogue. Oil from berries—used in rheumatism. Essential oil—antibacterial, antifungal.

The bark is mucilaginous. The plant contains a polysaccharide. Leaves and stem contain aporphine al-kaloids—boldine, laurotetanine, acti-nodaphnine and their derivatives. The trunk bark gave sebiferine and litsefer-ine.

Boldine produced dose-dependent inhibition of induced microsomal peroxidation in experimental studies.

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