Lilium candidum Linn

Habitat ► Native to Southern Europe and South-West Asia; grown in Indian gardens.

English ► Madona Lily, Annunciation Lily, White Lily.

Action ► Bulb—astringent, demulcent. Used for gynaecological disorders. A decoction of the bulbs in water or milk is given for dropsy; a poultice is applied to tumours, ulcers and skin inflammations. Fresh flowering plant is used in homoeopathy as an antispasmodic; the pollen is used against epilepsy.

A total extract stimulates phagocytosis in mice. The bulbs contain alkaloids (pyrroline derivatives), jat-ropham, ethyljatropham and citracon-ic acid imides.

Mucous, tannin, sterine and gluco-side impart anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic and expectorant properties to the bulb.

Bulbs of Lilium species contain soluble polysaccharides (glucomannans), starch, gamma-methylene glutamic acid and tuliposide.

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