Lens culinaris Medic

Habitat ► Forests of tropical and subtropical India, from Himalayas as far west as Kumaon, and southwards to the Peninsula.

Ayurvedic ► Chhatri, Karkatajihvaa, Kukurjihvaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Nalava, Nyekki, Ottanali.

Folk ► Karkani (Maharashtra).

Synonym ► L. esculenta Moench.

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Native to South West Asia; cultivated as a pulse crop mainly in North India, Madhya Pradesh and some parts of Maharashtra.

Ayurvedic ► Masura, Masurikaa, Mangalyaa, Mangalyak, Adaasa.

368 Leonotis nepetaefolia (L.) R. Br.

Siddha ► Misurpurpu.

Action ► Seeds—mostly used as a pulse. Contain as much as 30% proteins (similar to those of peas and beans). Soup is used in gastric troubles and constipation. Paste or poultice is applied to foul and indolent ulcers.

oil, extracted from the seeds, is similar to olive oil. The seeds possess feeble antimalarial activity. The seed extract showed 100% toxicity against Alternaria alternata and marked toxicity against Aspergillus niger.

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