Lantana camara Linn var aculeata Moldenke

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Native to tropical America; naturalized and occurs throughout India. Also grown as hedge plant.

English ► Lantana, Wild Sage, Surinam Tea Plant.

Ayurvedic ► Chaturaangi, Vanachch-hedi.

Siddha/Tamil ► Unnichedi.

Folk ► Ghaaneri (Maharashtra).

Action ► Plant—antirheumatic, antimalarial; used in tetanus and ataxy of abdominal viscera. Pounded leaves are applied to cuts, ulcers and swellings; a decoction of leaves and fruits is used as a lotion for wounds.

The plant is considered poisonous. The leaves contain toxic principles, lantadenes A and B, which cause acute photosensitization, jaundice, kidney and liver lesions. A steroid, lanca-marone, is cardioactive and fish poison.

The bark of stems and roots contain a quinine-like alkaloid, lantanine. The extract of the shoot showed antibacterial activity against E. coli and Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus. Flowers contain anthocyanin.

Family ► Urticaceae.

Habitat ► Tropical Himalayas from Nepal eastwards, Bihar, Chota Nagpur, Bengal, Assam, Anaimalai Hills and Western Ghats in Kerala.

English ► Devil Nettle, Fever Nettle.

Siddha/Tamil ► Perunkanchori.

Folk ► Utigun, Chorpaat (Bengal). (Uttangan is equated with Blepharis edulis Pers.)

Action ► Root—juice used in chronic fevers. Roots and leaves are applied to swellings and abscesses.

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