Family ► Verbenaceae.
Habitat ► Native to tropical America; naturalized and occurs throughout India. Also grown as hedge plant.
English ► Lantana, Wild Sage, Surinam Tea Plant.
Ayurvedic ► Chaturaangi, Vanachch-hedi.
Siddha/Tamil ► Unnichedi.
Folk ► Ghaaneri (Maharashtra).
Action ► Plant—antirheumatic, antimalarial; used in tetanus and ataxy of abdominal viscera. Pounded leaves are applied to cuts, ulcers and swellings; a decoction of leaves and fruits is used as a lotion for wounds.
The plant is considered poisonous. The leaves contain toxic principles, lantadenes A and B, which cause acute photosensitization, jaundice, kidney and liver lesions. A steroid, lanca-marone, is cardioactive and fish poison.
The bark of stems and roots contain a quinine-like alkaloid, lantanine. The extract of the shoot showed antibacterial activity against E. coli and Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus. Flowers contain anthocyanin.
Family ► Urticaceae.
Habitat ► Tropical Himalayas from Nepal eastwards, Bihar, Chota Nagpur, Bengal, Assam, Anaimalai Hills and Western Ghats in Kerala.
English ► Devil Nettle, Fever Nettle.
Siddha/Tamil ► Perunkanchori.
Folk ► Utigun, Chorpaat (Bengal). (Uttangan is equated with Blepharis edulis Pers.)
Action ► Root—juice used in chronic fevers. Roots and leaves are applied to swellings and abscesses.
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?