Lactuca sativa Linn

Synonym ► L. scariola Linn. var. sativa C.B. Clarke.

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Native to Southern and West Asia. Cultivated throughout India as a cold weather crop.

English ► Garden Lettuce.

Unani ► Kaahuu Bustaani, Salaad Pattaa, Salaad Baaghi.

Siddha/Tamil ► Salattu.

Action ► Plant—used in painful ulcers and burns.

The leaves contain calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, nia cin, carotine, iodine, fluorine. A. dietary allowance of 10 g of lettuce is adequate to meet the vitamin K requirement of the body.

Aqueous extract of roots gave a gua-iene-type sesquiterpene glycoside, lac-toside C, along with known glycosides, lactoside A and macro-cliniside A.

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