Synonym ► L. scariola Linn. var. sativa C.B. Clarke.
Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat ► Native to Southern and West Asia. Cultivated throughout India as a cold weather crop.
English ► Garden Lettuce.
Unani ► Kaahuu Bustaani, Salaad Pattaa, Salaad Baaghi.
Siddha/Tamil ► Salattu.
Action ► Plant—used in painful ulcers and burns.
The leaves contain calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, nia cin, carotine, iodine, fluorine. A. dietary allowance of 10 g of lettuce is adequate to meet the vitamin K requirement of the body.
Aqueous extract of roots gave a gua-iene-type sesquiterpene glycoside, lac-toside C, along with known glycosides, lactoside A and macro-cliniside A.
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