Kalanchoe integra

Synonym ► K. brasiliensis Cambress. K. spathulata Roxb.

Family ► Crassulaceae.

Habitat ► Tropical Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan, on Lushai hills and in the Deccan.

Folk ► Rungru, Tatara. Bakalpattaa, Patkuari (Kumaon). Hathokane (Nepal).

Action ► Plant—hypotensive, antiarrhythmic.

Aqueous extract of the leaves depressed CNS and potentiated barbiturate-induced hypnosis in mice.

The flowers yielded triterpenoids— friedelin, taraxerol and glutinol and a mixture of long chain hydrocarbons, n-alkanols and sterols. Kaempferol and its 3-O-rhamnoside, patuletin and patuletin-3, 7-di-O-rhamnoside, quercetin and quercetin-3-O-glucoside-7-O-rhamnoside are reported from leaves and flowers.

The leaves exhibit wound healing properties.

Synonym ► K. schweinfurthii Penzig. Cotyledon laciniata Roxb.

Family ► Crassulaceae.

Habitat ► Maharashtra, Deccan and Bengal.

Ayurvedic ► Parnabija (var.), Vatapatri.

Siddha/Tamil ► Malakalli.

Folk ► Hemasaagar.

Action ► Plant—used in fever, dyspepsia, skin allergy, asthma, bronchitis. Leaves—astringent, antiseptic, astringent. Applied to insect bites. Lotions are used for smallpox. Leaf juice is given in diarrhoea, dysentery, lithiasis.

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