Justicia betonica Linn

350 Justicia gendarussa Burm. f.

Habitat ► Throughout greater parts of India, in waste lands, hedges and rocky ravines.

Siddha/Tamil ► Velimungil.

Folk ► Had-paata (Bihar), Prameha-harati, Mokandar. (Madhya Pradesh).

Action ► Plant—used in diarrhoea; externally for swellings and boils.

Family ► Acanthaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the greater part of India and Andaman Islands.

Ayurvedic ► Krishna Vaasaa (blue var.), Nila-nirgundi, Krishna-nirgundi, Nila-manjari.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karunochhi, Vadaikkuthi.

Action ► Febrifuge, diaphoretic, emetic, emmenagogue. Infusion of leaves—given internally in cephalal-gia, hemiplegia and facial paralysis. Fresh leaves—used topically in oedema and rheumatism. Bark— emetic.

The leaves contain beta-sitosterol, an alkaloid, lupeol, friedelin and aromatic amines.

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