Jasminum sambac Linn

Family ► Oleaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated throughout India, especially in Uttar Pradesh, on a large scale in Jaunpur, Kannauj, Ghazipur and Farrukhabad for its fragrant flowers.

English ► Arabian Jasmine, Tuscan Jasmine, Double Jasmine.

Ayurvedic ► Mallikaa, Madayanti, Madyantikaa, Nava-Mallikaa, Shita-bhiru, Vaarshiki.

Siddha ► Malligai.

Folk ► Belaa, Motiaabelaa; Mogaraa (Maharashtra).

Action ► Root—emmenagogue, blood purifier. Flowers—lactifuge. Alcoholic extract—hypotensive. Leaves—antibacterial; used against indolent and breast tumours.

The leaves contain the secoiridoid glycosides, jasminin, quercitrin, iso-quercitrin, rutin, quercitrin-3-dirham-noglycoside, kaempferol-3-rhamno-glycoside, mannitol, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol and an iridoid glyco-side, sambacin. The absolute contains several pyridine and nicotinate derivatives.

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