Ipomoea purga Hayne

Family ► Convolvulaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India; ascending to 300 m.

Ayurvedic ► Shyaamaa, Chhaa-galaantri, Vriddhadaaraka, Vrid-dhadaaru. Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Boj., synonym A. spiciosa Sweet, Convolvulaceae, is equated with Vriddhadaaru and Vriddhadaaruka, while Ipomoea petaloidea and I. pes-caprae are also known by identical synonyms. Operculina turpethum, synonym I. turpethum is used as a substitute for I. petaloidea.

Siddha ► Nilapoosani.

Folk ► Bidhaaraa, Nishoth (black var.)

Synonym ► I. jalapa Scheide and Deppe.

Exogonium purga (Hayne) Benth.

Family ► Convolvulaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in the Nilgiris and Poona.

Action ► Strong cathartic and purgative. Usually used with carminatives.

Resin from dried root (commercial jalap) contains beta-D-quinovoside of 11-OH-tetradecanoic acid. The glycosi-dal resin is known as "convolvulin'l

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