Indigofera arrecta Hochst

Synonym ► I. arundinacea Cyr.

Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat ► The hotter parts of India, both in plains and hills, ascending up to 2,300 m in the Himalayas.

English ► Thatch Grass.

Ayurvedic ► Darbha, Suuchyagra, Yagnika, Yagyabhuushana, Bahir.

Siddha/Tamil ► Dharba.

Action ► Diuretic, anti-inflammatory.

The rhizomes contain flavonoids, together with lignans, graminone A and B. A sesquiterpenoid, cylindrene, and biphenylether compounds, cylindol A and B, are also reported.

Cylindrene and graminone B show inhibitory activity on the contractions of vascular smooth muscles and aorta of rabbit respectively; while cylindol A exhibits 5-lipoxygenase inhibitory activity.

The hot aqueous extract of the rhizomes show moderate GTP activity on primary cultured rat hepatocytes intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride cy-totoxicity.

The leaves and stem contain cyano-chroic constituents. The roots contain antibacterial substances. The root is used in fevers but does not possess antipyretic activity.

Family ► Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in Assam, Bihar and in parts of Uttar Pradesh.

English ► Natal Indigo, Java Indigo, Bengal Indigo.

Ayurvedic ► Nili (related species).

Aqueous extract of the plant exhibits antihyperglycaemic activity in rats due to insulinotropic property.

The indigotin content of the plant (0.8-1.0%) is higher than that of other species of Indigofera. The leaves contain up to 4% of a flavonol glycoside which on hydrolysis yields rhamnose and kaempferol.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment