Important Herbs of Non Indian Origin used in Unani system of Medicine

BOTANICAL

COMMON

ENGLISH

HABITAT

MAIN

NAME

NAME

NAME

SOURCE

Achillea

Baranjaasif

Yarrow,

Eurasia, North America,

Pakistan

millefolium

Milfoil

temperate zones

Agaricus albus

Ghaariqoon

White Agaric

Fungus grown on old pine trees in South and Central Europe

Europe

Alhagi

Turanjbeen

Camel Thorn

Mediterranean and Sahara

Pakistan

pseudalhagi

(Alhagi

Persian

to Central Asia and the

syn. Alhagi

Manna)

Manna Plant

Himalayas

camelorum

Althaea

Khatmi

Marsh

Europe, from Denmark

Iran

officinalis

Mallow

southwards

Anacyclus

Akarkaraa

Spanish

Spain and other

Morocco

pyrethrum

Pellitory

Mediterranean countries

Aquilaria

Dhooplak-

Aloe-wood

Malayan Peninsula, Assam,

Malacca

agallocha

kar, Agar

Eagle-wood

Manipur, Silhat, Bhutan

Aristolochia

Zaraavand

Birthwort

Southern Europe

Kabul

longa

Taweel

Aristolochia

Zaraavand

Birthwort

A. Clematis (Europe)

Iran

rotunda

Madahraj

A. Longa (North America) A. Indica (India)

Artemisia

Afsanteen

Worm wood

Europe, South America,

Nepal

absinthium

North Africa, Siberia, Mangolia

Artemisia

Dirmaanaa

Santonica

North America, Brazil,

Iran

maritima

Turki Kirmaalaa

Worm seed

Iran, Baluchistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Tibet

Asarun

Asaaroon

Wild Nard

Temperate Europe,

China

europaeum

Asarabacca

Hazelwort

North Asia (Birthwort family)

Asparagus

Halyun

Sperage,

Europe, Greece, Western

Iran

officinalis

Sparrow Grass

Asia, Southern parts of Russia, Poland

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Asparagus racemosus

Sataawari

Asparagus var.

Upper Gangetic plains, Dehradun, Bihar plateau, Tropical and sub-tropical parts of India including the Himalayas and Andamans. A. adscendens: Western Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, Kumaon, Chamba

Nepal

Astragalus sarcocola

Anzaroot (gum)

Sarcocola

Iran

Iran

Bambusa arundinacea

Banslochan

(Manna)

Tabaasheer

Thorny bamboo manna

South-East Asia

Indonesia

Berberis vulgaris

Zarishk

Barberry

Europe and the British Isles, naturalized in parts of North America

Afghanistan

Blepharis edulis

Utangan seeds

Sindh, Baluchistan

Pakistan

Borago officinalis

Gaozabaan

England, Europe, North Africa, North America

Iran,

Baluchistan

Cardiosper-mum halicacabum

Habb-e-Qilqil

Baloon Vine

Tropical America extending to Africa and Asia

Iran

Carum carvi

Kaalaa jeeraa

Europe, North Africa, Asia

Iran

Centaurea behen

Behman Safed

White behen

Persia

Afghanistan

Salvia haemotodes

Behman Surkh

Red behen (sage)

Colchicum autumnale

Suranjaan Talkh

Bitter colchicum Meadow saffron

Europe, part of British Isles, North Africa, Kashmir

Afghanistan

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Daarchini

Cinnamon

Southeast Asia, China

China, Indonesia

Commiphora mukul

Guggulu (exudate)

Bdellium

Arid rocky tracts of Rajasthan, Khandesh, Berar, Mysore, Sindh, Baluchistan

Pakistan

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Hiraabol (exudate)

Myrrh

Arabia, Somaliland, North-East Africa

Dubai

Commiphora opobalsamum

Balsaan

Balsam tree, Gilead

In countries of both sides of Red Sea

Yemen

Convolvulus scammonia

Saqmonia

Scammony

Mediterranean region

England

Corylus avellana

Funduq

Hazel nut

Turkey, Italy, Spain, USA

England, Turkey

Cuscuta epithymum (Lesser Dodder) C. europaea (Greater or Common Dodder)

Aftimoon (Dried whole plant of Cassytha filiformis, also of Cuscuta reflexa are sold as Aftimoon)

Dodder or Cuscuta

A parasite in most parts of the world

Pakistan

Dorema ammoniacum

Ushaq

Ammoniac

Iran, extending into southern Siberia

Iran

Doronicum pardalianches/ Doronicum hookeri

Darunaj aqrabi

Leopard's Bane (Also equated with Arnica montana)

Europe

Iran, Europe

Dracaena cinnabari

Damm-ul-Akhwain

Dragon's Blood

Saudi Arabia, East Africa

Yemen

Ephedra gerar-diana/Ephedra vulgaris

Somlataa

West-Central China, Southern Siberia, Japan. Also Spain Baluchistan

Pakistan

Euphorbia resinifera

Farfiyun

Euphorbium

Morocco

Morocco

Ferula assafoetida

Hing

Assafoetida

Eastern Persia, Western Afghanistan

Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Iran

Ferula galbaniflua

Galbanum

Iran, Cape of Good Hope

Iran

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Ferula pérsica

Sakbeenaj

Sagapenum

Iran

routindifolia

Sheerkhisht (exudate)

Manna

Southern Europe, parts of Asia

Spain

Garcinia hanburyi

Gutta

(extract)

Siam, Southern Cochin-China, Combodia, Sri Lanka

Thailand

Gentiana olivieri

Ghaafis Gul-e-Ghaafis

Persian Gentian

Iran

Afghanistan

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Asl-us-Soos

Liquorice

Spain, Germany, France, Italy, Russia

Iran,

Afghanistan

Helicteres isora

Marorphali

East Indian Screw tree

Nepal, Bihar, Bengal, central, western and southern India, Andaman Islands

Nepal

Helleborus niger

Kharbaq Siyah

Black Hellebore

Central and southern Europe, Germany, Greece, Asia Minor

Germany

Khoraasaani Ajwaayin

Henbane seeds

Central and southern Europe, Western Asia, Siberia

Baluchistan, Afghanistan

Hyssopus officinalis

Zufaa

Hyssop

Southern Europe

Afghanistan

Illicium verum

Star Anise

Anise of China

China, South-East Asia

China

Ipomoea purga / Convolvulus jalapa

Jalaabaa, Jalaapaa

Jalap

Mexico

Mexico

Juniperus communis

Hauber, Abhal

Common Juniper

Europe, North Africa, North Asia, North America

Pakistan

Lallemantia royleana

Baalangu

Western Asia, Iran

Pakistan, Baluchistan

Laurus nobilis

Roman

Laurel

Shores of Mediterranean Southern Europe

Saudi Arabia

Lavandula stoechas

Ustuk-huddus

French Lavender

Mediterranean region

Morocco

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Lepidium sativum

Habb-ul-Rashaad, Haalim

Garden Cress

Iran

Iran

Lupinus albus

Turmus

White Lupin

North and South America, Southern Europe, Egypt

Iran

Marrubium vulgare

Faraasiyun

White Horehound

England, Europe, Baluchistan, Iran

Iran

Matthiola incana

Turdi Zard (Tudri Surkh is equated with

Cheiranthus cheiri)

Gilli Flower Wall Flower Common Stock

Mediterranean region, Western Europe

Iran

Melia azedarach

Bakaayin

Persian Lilac

China, Baluchistan, Kashmir, Western Himalayas, South India

Afghanistan

Melissa officinalis

Baadran-

jboyaa,

Billilotan

Catmint Catnip Mountain Balm

Europe, North America, Iran

Iran

Merendera persica

Hermodactyl

Iran

Iran

Myristica fragrans

Jaiphal

Nutmeg

Native to Malacca Islands and New Guinea, Sri Lanka, West Indies

Sri Lanka

Myrrhis odorata

Anjudaan Roomi

Sweet Cherirel

England

Iran

Muurad

Myrtle

Southern Europe

Afghanistan

bati

(seeds)

Sweet Basil

France, Central Asia

Europe

Rehaan

(seeds)

Wild Basil

Tropical and warm temperate regions

Pakistan, Iran

Olea europaea

Zaitoon

Olive

Mediterranean region

Europe

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Oligochaeta ramosa syn.

Volutarella ramosa V.

divaricata

Tricholepis procumbens

Amberboa divaricata

Baadaaward

(Imported herb is actually

Fagonia arabica)

Mediterranean region, Central Asia, India

Iran, Pakistan

Orchis latifolia/ Orchis sp.

Saalab Misri

Saalab panjaa

Saalab gattaa (root)

Salep

Central and southern Europe

Iran, Pakistan

Origanum vulgare

Morjoram

England, Europe, North Africa, Asia

Tibet, China

Paeonia officinalis

Ood saleeb

Peony root

Southern Europe, West Asia

Pakistan

Pastinaca secacul

Shaqaq-ul-Misri

Iran, Afghanistan, Egypt

Afghanistan

Peganum harmala

Harmal

Harmal, Syrian Rue, Wild Rue, Foreign Henna

Mediterranean region, mexico, Asia, Ladakh, Kashmir, Punjab

Pakistan, Iran

Peucedanum grande

Duku patti (seed)

Iran

Iran

Phoenix dactylifera

Gond

Chhuhaaraa

North Africa, Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia

Iran, Pakistan

Pimpinella anisum

Anisoon

Anise

Originally from Egypt Minor. Now cultivated in warmer climates and Asia

China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia, Vietnam

Pinus succinifera (now extinct)

Kahrubaa (fossil resin)

Amber

Baltic Amber or Malay Archipelago found in Scandinavia

Germany

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Piper cubeba

Kabaabchini Kankol

Cubeb

Java, Sumatra

Indonesia

Piper longum

Peepali

Long pepper

North-eastern, Southern India, Sri Lanka, Bengal

Indonesia

Pistacia integerrima

Rhus succedanea

Kaakraa-singi (galls)

Crab's Claw

Mediterranean region to East Asia, Himalayan ranges on the North-west

Pakistan

Roomi

Mastagi

Mastich (resin)

Mediterranean region, Iran, Afghanistan, Kabul

Kabul, Greece

Pistacia vera

Gul-e-Pistaa (flower)

Afghanistan

Polygonum bistorta

Anjabaar

Bistort, Odewort, Snake Weed

Southern Scotland, Western Asia, Japan

Polypodium vulgare

Bisfaayej (root)

Europe, Turkey

Turkey, Nepal

Punica granatum

Gulnaar Faarsi

Iran, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, India

Pakistan, Afghanistan

Quercus infectoria

Maazu (gall)

Gall Oak, Dyer's Oak, Aleppo or Turkey Galls (collected in Asiatic Turkey in the province of Aleppo) Mecca galls

Greece, Asia Minor, Iran, Syria. Mecca galls are from Bassorah

Iran, Turkey

Rheum emodi

Revandchini

Rhubarb

Kashmir to Sikkim, Assam. Chinese: R. palmatum and R. officinale. English: R. rhaponticum (Rhapontic). Indian: R. emodi and R. Webbianum

Nepal

Rhus coriaria

Sumaaq

Sumach, Japan Wax tree

Mediterranean region, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Iran, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia

BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME

ENGLISH NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Rubia tinctorum

Majeeth

Madder

Southern Europe and parts ofAsia

Iran

sokh

(seeds)

Sage Seeds

Temperate and tropical regions

Pakistan

Sisymbrium irio

Khoobka-laan, Khaaksi (seeds)

London Rocket

Northern India, Iran, Europe

Iran

Smilax aris-tolochiaefolia

Ushbaa Maghrabi

Mexican Sarsaparilla

Central America

Mexico

Smilax china

Chobchini

Eastern Asia, China, Japan

China

Strychnos ignatii

Papitaa Vilaayati

Ignatius Bean

Philippine Islands, Cochin-China

Phillipines

Styrax benzoin

Lobaan

Gum benjamine

Java, Sumatra, Malay, Malacca

Penang, Indonesia

Syzygium aromaticum

Qaranful, Laung

Clove

Cultivated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malacca Islands, Tanzania, Madagascar, Penang, Brazil, other Tropical parts

Zanzibar

Tanacetum umbelliferum

Buzidaan Vilaayati

Sweet Pellitory

Iran

Iran

Teucrium chamaedrys

Usqurdiyun Ka-

Germander

England, Europe

Europe

Thymus serpyllum

Haashaa

Wild Thyme

England, France, Europe

Trifolium alexandrinum

Ispast

Clover, Trefoil berseem

England, Europe, Mediterranean region Central and Northern Asia

Seeds of Amaran-thus retro-flexus are imported from Iran

Trigonella un-cata/Melilotus officinalis

Naakhuunaa

Ikil-ul-

Malik

Meliot (bean) Tonkin bean

Iran, Afghanistan

Iran

BOTANICAL COMMON ENGLISH NAME NAME NAME

HABITAT

MAIN SOURCE

Urginea scilla Isqeel

Urtica pilulifera

Valeriana hardwickii/V.

jatamansi

Viola odorata

Viscum album

Withania coagulans

Withania somnifera

Zataria multiflora

Zizyphus jujuba Mill Z. sativa Gaertin

Anjuraa

Sugandha-

baalaa

Taggar

Mushk-

baalaa

Banafshaa

Banafshaa

Koli daakh, Mavizaj-e-Asli,

Kishmish Kaabali

Paneer Paneer Dodaa (fruit, seed)

Asgand

Squill

Roman Nettle

Indian Valerian

Sweet Violet

Vegetable Rennet

Winter Cherry

Saatar faarsi Savory Unnaab Jujube

Mediterranean region, Spain, Protugal, Morocco, Corsica, Southern France, Malta, Algeria, Italy, Dalmatia, Greece, Syria, Asia Minor

Europe

Temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan; Khasi and Jantia Hills. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis): Europe and Northern Asia

Europe, Britain, Asia

Mistletoe Afghanistan, Europe

Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Sindh, Punjab

Israel, East of Mediterranean region, South Asia

Saudi Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, Baluchistan

China, Far East, Middle East, Africa

Italy, Spain, Pakistan

Europe

Nepal

Pakistan

Afghanistan

Iran, Pakistan

Afghanistan

Pakistan, Afghanistan

Kabul

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Herbs 101

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