Iberis amara Linn

Family ► Cruciferae; Brassicaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe; cultivated in gardens. Reported to occur in Chamba.

English ► Rocket Candytuft, Clown's Mustard.

Action ► Used for gout, rheumatism, also for bronchitis and asthma; as a tonic in enlargement of heart to allay excited action of the heart.

The seeds contain a mustard oil and a glycoside, glucoiberin. The plant contains sulphur-containing glucosi-nolates; also contains bitter and toxic tetracycloterpenoids, cucurbitacin E and I.

The seed extract exhibited cytotox-icity against renal and brain tumours and melanoma cell lines. The activity may be attributed to the presence of cucurbitacins E and I.

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