Hyssopus officinalis Linn

Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to tropical America. Distributed throughout India.

Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe and temperate Asia. Occurs in West Himalyas from Kashmir to Kumaon.

Ayurvedic ► Dayaa-kunji. (Nepeta longibractea is also equated with Zuufaa, Dayaa-kunji.)

Unani ► Zuufaa, Zuufaa Yaabis.

Hyssopus officinalis Linn. 321

Action ► Stimulant, carminative, sedative, antispasmodic, diuretic, pectoral. Used for bronchitis, coughs and colds. Induces heavy sweating in fevers, increases blood pressure. Emmenagogue. Used externally for bruises, discoloured contusions and cuts.

Key application ► As expectorant. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

Hyssop contains terpenoids, including marrubiin; a volatile oil consisting mainly of camphor, pinocamphone and beta-pinene; flavonoids, gluco-sides, tannins and resin. Marrubiin is a strong expectorant. The plant also contains ursolic acid, an anti-

inflammatory principle. The alcoholic extract of the aerial parts at flowering yields an active antioxidant compound, rosmanol-9-ethyl ether. Its activity is much greater than butylat-ed hydroxytoluene. The extract of the plant showed weak hepatoprotective activity against CCl4-induced toxicity in albino mice.

Pinocamphone and isopinocam-phone are toxic constituents of the essential oil. Wild plants from Ku-maon (Uttaranchal) shows presence of very small amounts of pinocam-phone (0.61%) in essential oil, as compared to Himalayan hyssop (38.44%) and cultivated North American hyssop (42.66%). The essential oil can induce epileptic seizures.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Herbs 101

Herbs 101

Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment