Hypericum perforatum Linn. 319
Habitat ► Native to Europe and Asia. Occurs in the temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Garhwal.
English ► Indian Henbane, Black Henbane.
Ayurvedic ► Paarsika-yavaani, Yavaani, Madkaarini, Turushkaa, Khuraashaanikaa, Khuraasaani Ajwaayin.
Unani ► Barz-ul-Banj, Khuraasaani Ajwaayin.
Siddha/Tamil ► Paarseekayavani, Khurasani Omam.
Action ► Sedative. Narcotic drug. Used for convulsions. Action similar to Belladonna.
Key application ► In spasms of gastrointestinal tract. (German Commission E, The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The leaves and flowering tops contain tropane alkaloids, 0.045-00.14%, the principal ones being hyoscyamine and hyoscine. The alkaloids are para-sympatholytic, with similar actions to Belladonna, although with less cerebral excitement.
The seeds show inhibitory activity against digestive enzyme, lipase in vitro.
Contraindicated in tachycardias, prostatic hyperplasia, narrow-angle glaucoma, acute pulmonary oedema, stenosis of gastrointestinal tract, maga colon.
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?