Hymenodictyon excelsum Wall

Family ► Rubiaceae.

Habitat ► Central India and Western Peninsula.

Ayurvedic ► Bhramar-chhalikaa, Ugragandhaa (a confusing synonym). Bhringa-vrksha (provisional synonym).

Siddha/Tamil ► Sagappu, Vellei Kadambu, Peranjoli.

Folk ► Bhaulan, Bhramarchhali, Bhuurkunda.

Action ► Bark—astringent, febrifuge, antiperiodic (especially for tertian ague).

The stem bark contains scopoletin and its apioglucoside, hymexelsin (yield 0.12%). The presence of glucose, fructose, galactose and several amino acids, alanine, arginine, cystine, glycine, leucine; besides fatty acids, beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol is also reported from the bark.

Roots contain several quinones.

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