Habitat Native to Asia Minor

Lithospermum officinanle Linn. 379

English ► Storax, Oriental Sweet Gum.

Ayurvedic ► Turushka, Silhaka, Kapitaila.

Unani ► Ambar Saayil, Silaaras.

Siddha/Tamil ► Neri-arishippal.

Action ► Balsam—anti-inflammatory, stimulating expectorant, antipara-sitic, antiseptic, antimicrobial. Used externally in scabies, ringworm and other skin diseases. Used for coughs and bronchitis as an inhalation.

Storax contained cinnamic acid up to 30%—cinnamin acid esters, cin-namyl cinnamate (styracin), phenyl-propyl cinnamate; triterpene acids; vanillin; styrene; aromatic alcohols. Pentacyclic triterpene aldehydes—liq-uidambronal and ambronal—have been isolated from nonvolatile part of resin along with bornyl trans-cinna-mate.

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