Grewia sclerophylla

Family ► Tiliaceae.

Habitat ► Sub-Himalayan tract from the Indus to Nepal up to 1,500 m, also in hills of Bihar, Orissa and Tamil Nadu.

Ayurvedic ► Naagabalaa, Gud-sharkaraa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Tavadu.

Folk ► Gulshakari.

Action ► Fruit and root—diuretic, antidiarrhoeal. Roots and leaves, crushed with sugar candy, are prescribed for spermatorrhoea.

Synonym ► G. scabrophylla Roxb. G. obliqua auct. non-Juss.

Family ► Tiliaceae.

Habitat ► Sub-Himalayan tract and outer hills from Kumaon to Bhutan up to 1,200 m and in Assam

Ayurvedic ► Parushaka (related species), Dhanvana (related species)

Siddha/Tamil ► Kattu Kadali.

Folk ► Jangali Phaalsaa.

Action ► Root—emollient, bechic. Used in irritable conditions of the intestines and bladder.

Grewia tiliaefolia Vahl. Family ► Tiliaceae.

296 Grewia villosa Willd.

Habitat ► Upper Gengetic plain, Bihar, Bengal, Central and Peninsular India.

Ayurvedic ► Dhanvana, Dhanur-vriksha.

Siddha/Tamil ► Tarra, Unnu, Sadachi.

Action ► Bark—antidysenteric. Stem bark—semen coagulant. Plant— used in fractures.

The roots and bark gave triterpe-noids.

A related species, Grewia optiva, found in sub-Himalayan tract at 5002,000 m, is also known as Dhaaman.

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