Synonym ► Artemisia maderaspatana Linn.
Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat ► Throughout the greater part of India.
Ayurvedic ► Aakaarakarabha substitute (doubtful).
Siddha/Tamil ► Maasipathri.
Folk ► Mastaru, Mukhatari, Maachipatri (Maharashtra).
Action ► Leaf—stomachic, antispas-modic, sedative, emmenagogue, deobstruent, antiseptic. Used in amenorrhoea.
Aerial parts of the plant afforded clerodane derivatives. Presence of phytol, lupeol, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, a phenylalanine derivative, hardwicki-ic acid, strictic acid and butenolides, is reported. Aura amide was also isolated from the aerial parts.
A mixture of flavonoids extracted from the aerial parts exhibited oestro-genicity and anti-implantation activity
Synonym ► G. hortense Nees. Justica picta L.
Family ► Acanthaceae.
Habitat ► A native to Polynesia; introduced into Indian gardens.
English ► Caricature Plant.
Folk ► Kaalaa-aduusaa (Maharashtra). Ysjudemaram (Tamil Nadu).
Action ► Leaves—emollient and resolvent; applied to swellings and ulcers. (Used as a substitute for Adhatoda vasica).
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