Graptophyllum picum L Griff

Synonym ► Artemisia maderaspatana Linn.

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the greater part of India.

Ayurvedic ► Aakaarakarabha substitute (doubtful).

Siddha/Tamil ► Maasipathri.

Folk ► Mastaru, Mukhatari, Maachipatri (Maharashtra).

Action ► Leaf—stomachic, antispas-modic, sedative, emmenagogue, deobstruent, antiseptic. Used in amenorrhoea.

Aerial parts of the plant afforded clerodane derivatives. Presence of phytol, lupeol, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, a phenylalanine derivative, hardwicki-ic acid, strictic acid and butenolides, is reported. Aura amide was also isolated from the aerial parts.

A mixture of flavonoids extracted from the aerial parts exhibited oestro-genicity and anti-implantation activity

Synonym ► G. hortense Nees. Justica picta L.

Family ► Acanthaceae.

Habitat ► A native to Polynesia; introduced into Indian gardens.

English ► Caricature Plant.

Folk ► Kaalaa-aduusaa (Maharashtra). Ysjudemaram (Tamil Nadu).

Action ► Leaves—emollient and resolvent; applied to swellings and ulcers. (Used as a substitute for Adhatoda vasica).

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