Geranium nepalense Sweet

Family ► Geraniaceae.

Habitat ► Temperate Himalayas, Kashmir, Khasi Hills and the Nilgiris.

English ► Nepal Geranium, Nepalese Crane's Bill.

Ayurvedic ► Bhanda, Bhandaa.

Action ► Astringent, styptic, used in renal diseases, diarrhoea, internal and external bleeding. Also used topically for ulcers and haemorrhoids.

The plant gave geraniin, kaempferol-7-rhamnoside and kaempferitrin. The leaves gave tannins.

EtOH (50%) extract of the plant exhibited hypotensive activity.

A gastrointestinal-contracting cho-line-like substance has been isolated from var. thumbergii and is found useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as gastroptosis.

The herb has a disagreeable odour and a bitter, saline and astringent taste. Applied externally as a resolvent to tumours.

In Western herbal, the herb is used for diarrhoea, to improve functioning of liver and gallbladder and to prevent the formation of calculi.

The herb contains several flavonoids including rutin. A ethanolic extract can inhibit the growth of E. coli, F1, aeruginosa and S. aureus.

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