Gardenia turgida Roxb

Habitat ► Throughout the greater part of India, up to 1,360 m

Ayurvedic ► Mahaapindi, Karahaata, Kharahaara. (Bark is sold as Bhaargi.) Thanella.

Siddha/Tamil ► Nanjundam, Malan-garai.

Action ► Root—used as a remedy for indigestion in children. Fruits— used in affections of the mammary glands. Pounded pulp is applied to forehead in fever.

The bark and wood gave beta-sitos-terol, hederagenin, Me-esters of olea-nolic and gypsogenic acids. Root gave gardnins.

Saponins from bark decreased formation of histamine and may find use in asthma. (Market drug is expectorant and weak spasmolytic, but was not found effective in asthma.)

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