Gardenia gummifera Linn f

Family ► Rubiaceae.

Habitat ► Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

English ► Gummy Cape Jasmine.

Ayurvedic ► Venupatrikaa, Naadi-hingu, Hingushivaatikaa. Hingu-patrikaa, Hingupatri (also equated with Ferula Jaeschkeana Vatke).

Unani ► Dikaamaali.

Siddha/Tamil ► Dikkamalli, Kambil, Sinna Kambil.

Action ► Gum—carminative, anti-spasmodic, stimulant, diaphoretic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, expectorant. Given to children in nervous disorders and diarrhoea due to dentition.

The gum yielded flavones, including gardenin, de-Me-tangeretin and nevadensin; wogonins, isoscutellarein, apigenin and de-MeO-sudachitin.

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